Discover the World of Plain Parakeet: A Friendly Guide

Welcome to a comprehensive guide to the captivating world of the Plain Parakeet. This delightful bird, scientifically known as Brotogeris tirica, is a small and uniformly green parakeet that belongs to the parrot family. Its plumage is green, with a tint of blue. In this guide, you will learn about the appearance, behavior, habitat, and care requirements of the Plain Parakeet, from its feathers to its natural habitat and beyond.

Key Takeaways:

  • The Plain Parakeet is a small and uniformly green bird belonging to the parrot family.
  • Its scientific name is Brotogeris tirica.
  • The bird is commonly found in urban areas, forest canopies, lowland regions, and even in degraded former forests within agricultural landscapes.
  • The bird is not currently considered endangered and is listed as a species of least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
  • Plain Parakeets are social birds that typically form small flocks and have unique feeding habits.

Plain Parakeet

What is a Plain Parakeet?

The Plain Parakeet, also known as Brotogeris tirica, is a small parrot belonging to the parakeet family. Their scientific name, Brotogeris tirica, was given by Brazilian ornithologist and naturalist Paulo Von Ihering. Their plumage is generally green, with a tint of blue.

While the Plain Parakeet is a type of parakeet, they differ from other parrots in several ways. One key difference is their smaller size compared to other parrots. They also have a less curved beak, which is better suited for eating seeds and fruits.

Their plumage is generally green, with a tint of blue. Younger birds may have a more muted green color, but as they mature, their feathers become brighter. The males and females have the same plumage, making it difficult to distinguish between them based on appearance alone.

Habitat and Distribution of Plain Parakeets

The Plain Parakeet is endemic to Brazil, with its natural habitat ranging from southeastern to eastern Brazil. I can find these charming birds in various settings, from montane areas to lowlands, degraded former forests, and even urban areas.

Plain Parakeets usually inhabit forests, particularly in the canopy, making it challenging to spot them in the wild. They are commonly found in agricultural landscapes, particularly near palm trees such as Syagrus romanzoffiana. Their ability to adapt to urban settings makes them a common sight in and around cities.

Table 1: Habitat and distribution of Plain Parakeets
Habitat Type Location
Forests Canopy and secondary growth areas
Lowlands Coastal regions and riverbanks
Montane Mountains and hillsides
Degraded former forests Agricultural landscapes and pastures
Urban areas Parks, gardens, and residential areas


The Plain Parakeet is a nomadic species and may vary its habitat use depending on the season, climate, and local food availability. These birds are generally found in areas with a temperate climate, making southeastern Brazil an ideal location.

Overall, the Plain Parakeet’s natural habitat ranges from forests, lowlands, and montane areas to agricultural landscapes and urban settings. Their ability to adapt to diverse environments makes them a unique species, with their charming green plumage and interesting behavior making them an exciting sight to see in the wild or as pets.

Group of Plain Parakeets

Behavior and Feeding Habits of Plain Parakeets

Plain Parakeets are highly social birds that typically form small flocks. We know them for their interesting feeding habits, which primarily involve fruits, seeds, and vegetation. Interestingly, they use their beaks to grasp food while they are perched upside down. When in flight, they make simple yet distinctive calls, adding to their charm.

In the wild, Plain Parakeets often forage for food in groups, with one or more birds keeping watch while others feed. They are also known to feed on palm fruits, and to disperse the seeds of various fruit trees, contributing to the regeneration of their natural habitat.

When kept in captivity, it’s essential to provide Plain Parakeets with a varied diet that meets their nutritional needs. A diet of seeds and fresh fruits and vegetables is recommended, as well as providing minerals and grit. It’s also important to ensure they have access to clean water and to rotate their toys and perches in their cage to provide stimulation and prevent boredom.

Because of their social nature, it’s recommended to keep Plain Parakeets in pairs or small flocks. This allows them to display natural behaviors, engage in social interactions, and prevent loneliness or boredom. When cared for properly, they can live up to 15 years in captivity.

Physical Characteristics of Plain Parakeets

The Plain Parakeet is a striking green parakeet with a long pointed tail. Its wing feathers comprise primary feathers and outer secondary feathers edged with green.

The crown, cheeks, and underparts of the bird are yellow, while the lesser wing is green. The bird’s tail is long and pointed, and its tail feathers are edged with green and tinted with blue. The Plain Parakeet has a pinkish bill and feet that complete its charming appearance.

These physical characteristics make the Plain Parakeet a delightful addition to any aviary or bird sanctuary. They are often bred in captivity and highly prized for their unique features.

Conservation Status of Plain Parakeets

The Plain Parakeet is considered a species of least concern, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). This means that its population is stable, and there are no significant conservation concerns at present. However, its natural habitat loss and degradation pose potential threats to the species’ future survival.

As an endemic bird species to Brazil, the Plain Parakeet has a vital role in the country’s ecosystems. These birds help maintain the balance of their unique habitat by dispersing the fruits and seeds of various plant species, promoting biodiversity and contributing to ecological health.

In recent years, the Brazilian government has implemented measures to protect the habitat of the Plain Parakeet and other endangered species. However, more conservation efforts are necessary to ensure the long-term survival of the species.

As a pet, Plain Parakeets do not require any special permits to own or keep. However, it’s important to ensure that the birds are obtained legally, exploiting no wild populations. Responsible pet owners should provide the care and attention to ensure the well-being of their pets.

In conclusion, Plain Parakeets are considered a species of least concern, but their future survival depends on the protection and preservation of their natural habitat. Whether in the wild or in captivity, these birds are a wonder to behold and deserve our attention and care.

Keeping Plain Parakeets as Pets

Plain Parakeets make wonderful pets for those who will provide them with proper care. Since these birds are used to living in social groups, it’s best to keep them in pairs or small flocks in captivity. When considering keeping Plain Parakeets as pets, it’s essential to create a suitable environment for them.

Their natural habitat comprises forest canopies and lowland regions, which can be replicated in a spacious aviary. They also need plenty of toys to keep them entertained and mentally stimulated. Perches in their cage can help maintain their physical health, including their feet and beaks.

Feeding your Plain Parakeet a balanced diet is also crucial to their well-being. They primarily feed on fruits, seeds, and vegetation, which can be provided in captivity as a mixture of fresh fruits and vegetables, high-quality seeds, and pellet food. Since Plain Parakeets require grit and minerals to digest their food, it’s necessary to provide them with a separate dish for this purpose.

If you’re an apartment dweller, it’s still possible to keep Plain Parakeets as pets – as long as you have adequate space and are considerate of your neighbors. Providing them with natural light, along with proper nutrition and stimulating toys, can help them live a happy and healthy life in a smaller space.

When handling Plain Parakeets, it’s important to approach them calmly and allow them to adjust to your presence. They are intelligent birds and can be trained to step onto your hand or even perform tricks!

Parakeets as a Pets

Interesting Facts about Plain Parakeets

The Plain Parakeet is a species of parakeet that is endemic to Brazil. It is part of the subfamily Arinae of the family Psittacidae. Here are some interesting facts about these charming birds:

  • The scientific name for the Plain Parakeet is Brotogeris tirica.
  • The Plain Parakeet is also known as the Green Parakeet because of its uniform green plumage with a tint of blue.
  • These birds were first described in 1818 by the Brazilian naturalist, Johann Baptist von Spix.
  • They are named after the Brazilian ornithologist Paulo de Juana.
  • The Plain Parakeet is common in and around urban areas, as well as in forest canopies, lowland regions, montane areas, and even in degraded former forests within agricultural landscapes.
  • These birds primarily feed on fruits, seeds, and vegetation.
  • The Plain Parakeet is a social bird that typically forms small flocks and its calls are often made while in flight.
  • The Plain Parakeet has a pointed tail and a pinkish bill and feet.
  • According to BirdLife International, the population of Plain Parakeets is stable, and they are currently classified as a species of least concern.

“The Plain Parakeet may not have the flamboyant plumage of some of its parrot cousins, but it is a fascinating bird with unique characteristics that make it a joy to observe in the wild or keep as a pet.” – Del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Sargatal, J. (1997). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Lynx Edicions. Version 1.0.

Plain Parakeets in the Wild and in Captivity

Plain Parakeets in the wild are known to forage in the canopy of their natural habitat, feeding on the fruits of various trees. They have a special role in their ecosystem, as they disperse the seeds of these trees using their primary coverts. They may also feed on secondary growth in areas where the forest has been degraded or cleared, and are common in and around coconut palms (Syagrus romanzoffiana) in Brazil.

In the Wild In Captivity
Plain Parakeets may also feed on minerals and grit from the soil, which aids in digestion. They prefer to nest in tree cavities and hollows, and form communal roosts with other parakeets and birds. Their primary predators include birds of prey, snakes, and mammals such as monkeys and rodents. In captivity, Plain Parakeets require a spacious cage with plenty of perches and toys. They thrive on a varied diet comprising pellets, fruits, vegetables, and occasional treats like millet sprays. As social birds, they enjoy the company of other parakeets and humans, but require gentle handling and training to build trust.

It’s important to note that while Plain Parakeets can adapt to urban environments, they still require a natural diet and social interactions. Keeping them as pets requires a commitment to provide an environment that mimics their natural habitat and social needs.



In conclusion, the Plain Parakeet is a delightful bird species that can be found in different parts of southeastern Brazil. This charming parakeet has a distinct green plumage, with a tint of blue, and a captivating long pointed tail, pinkish bill, and feet. Although the Plain Parakeet is considered a species of least concern, its population is at risk due to habitat loss and degradation. Efforts are underway to protect this delightful bird and its natural habitat.

If you are interested in keeping Plain Parakeets as pets, it is essential to understand their specific care requirements, including providing a suitable living environment, proper diet, and regular handling.

With this guide, you should have a comprehensive understanding of the Plain Parakeet’s appearance, behavior, habitat, and care requirements. From their interesting feeding habits to their unique characteristics, the Plain Parakeet is undoubtedly a remarkable bird species.

This friendly guide was curated and compiled in consultation with experts, including Paulo de JuanaDel HoyoSargatal, and Ithaca, and is based on version 1.0 of their bird species database.

Q: What is the scientific name of the plain parakeet?

A: The scientific name of the plain parakeet is Psittacara leucophthalmus.

Q: What is a plain parakeet?

A: A plain parakeet is a species of bird in the subfamily Arinae.

Q: How can I identify a plain parakeet?

A: Plain parakeets are small birds with green plumage. They have yellow on the crown and their flight feathers and the underside of their tail are blue-green. They also have shorter tails compared to other parakeet species.

Q: What is the average weight of a plain parakeet?

A: The average weight of a plain parakeet is around 63 grams.

Q: Where is the plain parakeet found?

A: The plain parakeet is endemic to southeastern Brazil. It is primarily found in cultivated land.

Q: What does the plain parakeet eat?

A: The plain parakeet feeds on a variety of foods, including seeds, fruits, sprouts, and cultivated crops such as canary grass, dandelion, and chickweed.

Q: What are some unique features of the plain parakeet?

A: The plain parakeet is known for its simple sounds and shrill calls made in flight. It has a bright yellow hue on its head, which explains its name “plain parakeet.” It is also a good chewer and can be found nesting in crevices.

Q: Is the plain parakeet a common bird?

A: The plain parakeet is considered a common species of bird in its native habitat of southeastern Brazil.

Q: How can I identify a plain parakeet using eBird?

A: To identify a plain parakeet using eBird, search for the species name “Psittacara leucophthalmus.” You can also look for sightings of the plain parakeet in locations where it is known to be present, such as southeastern Brazil.

Q: Are there any other names for the plain parakeet?

A: Yes, the plain parakeet is also known as “Tirikasittich” in German and “Perruche tirica” in French.

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